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Enclave

The Enclave is a small band of scientists who have dedicated themselves to using technology to create a benevolent world dictatorship under their rule. The Enclave was founded by four scientists, each of whom had a different area of expertise. They were Maris Morlak, a Lithuanian nuclear physicist, Jerome Hamilton, an American medical biologist, Carlo Zota, a Spanish electronics technician, and Wladyslav Shinski, a Polish geneticist. The four of them met at a world convention of scientists, and discovering their mutual world view, decided to pool their financial resources to create an independent scientific community. Over the period of a year, each scientist faked his own death and then rendezvoused with the others on a small island in the North Atlantic Ocean. On this unnamed island, a friend of Hamilton's archaeologist Daniel Damian, had discovered ruins of a technologically advanced stronghold (now believed to be an abandoned outpost of the Deviants) and told Hamilton of his find. The four Enclave scientists used the scrap metal in the ruins to create their own Citadel of Science, which they nicknamed the Beehive. After about a decade of work, the Beehive was fully operational, and it became one of the foremost scientific research facilities on Earth, rivaling the High Evolutionary's stronghold on Wundagore mountain, Arnim Zola's castle in Switzerland, Maelstrom's fortress-laboratory at the bottom of the Atlantic, and Centurious's Pacific island facility.

Working together, and using abandoned technological devices they found there, the Enclave scientists created a number of scientific breakthroughs, including anti-gravity transmitters, molecular bond-severing blades, and a teleportation machine with a 2000 mile range. The first project upon which they pinned their hopes of effecting their goals, however, was in the field of genetics. Their plan was to create a vastly powerful new race of human beings under their control to use to subjugate the rest of humanity. For almost a decade, the four scientists labored, bioengineering human DNA molecules to create life, irradiating it with various energies to imbue it with power, and chemically accelerating its growth. When their prototype reached maturity, it escaped its incubation chamber before they could set it free. Due to its rapid maturation, they were unable to place within the creature's mind the proper safeguards enabling them to control it. The creature, referred to only as "Him," manifested its various energy-manipulating powers, causing its creators to flee before they could even learn what it looked like. Using the teleportation machine, Hamilton kidnapped noted sculptor Alicia Masters and brought her to the Beehive to sculpt Him's likeness. After he persuaded her to do as they ask, Hamilton was conscience-stricken and insisted he accompany her into the chamber where Him was. In the meantime, Alicia Masters's friends in the Fantastic Four realized she was missing and managed to locate the Beehive. Just before the Fantastic Four rescued Masters and escaped through the Enclave's teleportation machine, Hamilton was killed in a rockslide caused by one of Him's energy discharges. Zota warned Him that the energy necessary for flight would cause the total destruction of the Beehive. Believing them to be evil, Him flew off in defiance of the warning. (Him later became known as Adam Warlock).

The Beehive sustained great damage in the process of Him's first major manifestation of power, but it was not totally destroyed nor were Zota, Shinsky, and Morlak killed, as Him was later to believe. (An account that Him temporarily transported the Beehive to another dimension is erroneous, since Him never possessed such an ability.) The Enclave lost most of the mercenaries they employed as guards in the Beehive, but they nevertheless began to rebuild their facilities. When it was completed, they undertook their second genetic experiment, a duplication of the first which they hoped to keep under control. When the second creature reached maturity, the Enclave enlisted the unwilling aid of Dr. Stephen Strange, former surgeon fumed sorcerer. The Enclave wanted Strange to use their remote-controlled laser to perform brain surgery on the creature to ensure that it would obey them. Despite their precautions, the creature regained control of its own mind shortly after it emerged from its cocoon-like womb, and released sufficient energies to cause the Beehive's island base to break up and sink beneath the sea. The creature, calling itself Paragon, created a new cocoon for itself and went inside to complete its metamorphosis. (When it finally emerged, it called itself Her.)

The three Enclavers managed to survive the flooding of their island-base and fled to mainland Europe where they established a new temporary headquarters. Acquiring funds by selling certain inventions to HYDRA, the Enclave helped finance Security College, an institution advertised to provide the progeny of ambassadors, politicians, and business tycoons with a secure collegiate environment. In reality, the Enclave sought to use the students to acquire classified industrial, political, and military information. To do so, the Enclave hired the Monocle, a German who invented various means of data-extracting thought hypnosis. At the same time the Enclave learned of the existence of the genetically advanced Inhumans and decided to conquer them in order to take control of their technology. Using a variation of their teleportation machine, they captured Medusa of the Inhumans' Royal Family to use as a hostage. The Enclave then decided to terminate the Security College project, feeling it to be a risky failure. When the Monocle refused to abandon the project and allowed its true purpose to be discovered, the Enclave detonated the Monocle's escape-shuttle, thereby killing him.

Shortly thereafter, the Enclave launched their first attack on the Inhumans, using hired mercenaries as their militia. The Enclave was aided in their war effort by the renegade Inhuman Maximus, who sabotaged his own people's defense systems, and by an outbreak of disease among the Inhumans caused by an abreaction to Earth's increasing pollution. The Enclave's first war against the Inhumans ended when Maximus betrayed the Enclave and helped turn the Enclave's weapons against them. Medusa was freed in the process.

None of the three principal Enclavers were taken captive in the defeat, only their mercenary soldiers. A short time later, the Enclave was contacted once more by Maximus, this time from the moon, where the Inhumans had moved their island to escape Earth's pollution. The Enclave's second war against the Inhumans was a secret one, as Maximus, possessing the body of his brother Black Bolt, permitted them to infiltrate the Inhumans' land. There they launched an attack on Earth designed to get Earth to retaliate against the Inhumans. The plot failed, due to the intervention of the Avengers, and for the first time two of the Enclave members, Morlak and Zota, were taken into custody by the authorities and tried for their treacherous acts.

Due to his infirmity, Shinski had not gone to the moon with his colleagues and hence avoided imprisonment. He eventually acquired the minimal resources to build a makeshift teleportation machine enabling him to free his fellows. Before the three were able to embark upon their next scheme, however, they were injured in an airplane accident. Their current whereabouts is unknown.

First Appearance: (unnamed) FANTABTIC FOUR #66, (as the Enclave) FANTASTIC FOUR #207

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